In 1988 the State Pollution Control Authority in Norway made recommendations regarding process designs for small wastewater treatment plants. Amongst these were recommendations for biological/chemical plants where biofilm reactors were used in combination with pretreatment in large septic tanks and chemical post treatment. At the same time the socalled “moving bed biofilm reactor” (MBBR) was developed by a Norwegian company. In this paper, experiences from a small wastewater treatment plant, based on the MBBR and on the recommendations mentioned, will be presented.
- moving bed biofilm reactor
- process design
- plant operation
- biological - chemical treatment
- © International Association on Water Quality 1993